الزعفران فی افغانستان
Saffron is the world’s most expensive spice in terms of weight. The spice is actually the dried stigma (tiny threadlike strands) of the “Crocus sativus Linnaeus”. Each stigma is very small, and tens of thousands of individual strands go into a single ounce of the spice; since the stigmas are hand-picked from the individual flowers, saffron high cost becomes more understandable
Saffron is originally native of the Mediterranean area, Asia Minor, Iran, and Afghanistan. Nowadays many farmers cultivate saffron and some private companies work on processing, packing and exporting of Afghan Saffron.
The main saffron cultivation areas in Afghanistan is in western parts of the country, The Herat province has managed to achieve an excellent position on the production and export of saffron over these years, To the extent that some 90% of saffron production in Afghanistan is obtained from there .The Ghoryan and Poshton Zarghon region in this province is well known for its quality saffron.
The western part of Afghanistan has an especially suitable environment for its cultivation. The land area under cultivation in Herat Province is estimated 1500 hectares. In Afghanistan Farmers don’t use the Chemical material for cultivation and it is 100% organic production.
Women implement most of this works, since 80% of saffron works are being done by women in our region because they do this works better and with lower price.
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